Acute Coronary Syndrome

Tuesday, February 09, 2016

Acute coronary syndrome, or ACS, is a term used for any condition brought on by sudden, reduced blood flow to the heart. Dr. Edward Hill tells us more about ACS in todays 60 Second Housecall.

Dr. Hill:

Acute coronary syndrome refers to a group of conditions characterized by poor blood flow to heart muscle.

ACS includes both unstable angina and myocardial infarction. Most cases are caused by a blocked blood vessel in the heart. Because of the blockage, the heart muscle does not get enough blood or oxygen.

Symptoms of Acute coronary syndrome include:

Pressure-like chest pain

Pain in the shoulders, jaw or back

Shortness of breath

Cool, clammy skin

Nausea, and

Lightheadedness

Other conditions can cause these symptoms. But if you do have Acute coronary syndrome, you will need emergency treatment.

Treatments include medicines to lower your blood pressure, lower your cholesterol and keep your blood from clotting. You may also need to have cardiac catheterization. Dye is injected into blood vessels in the heart to help show where the vessels are blocked. You might also receive a coronary stent at this time. The stent helps keep blocked blood vessels open. However, you might need to have open heart surgery instead.

For North Mississippi Medical Center, Im Dr. Edward Hill.