Acute Myeloid Leukemia

Thursday, June 10, 2010

Acute myeloid leukemia is cancer that starts inside bone marrow, the soft tissue inside bones that helps form blood cells. The cancer grows from cells that would normally turn into white blood cells. Dr. Edward Hill tells us more about this disease in todays 60 Second Housecall.

Dr. Hill:

Acute myeloid leukemia is the most common type of leukemia that affects adults. Leukemia is a cancer of the white blood cells that spreads throughout the bloodstream and may affect many organs. It originates in the bone marrow, which is where all blood cells are developed before being released into the bloodstream.

Leukemia is classified based on the type of abnormal white blood cell and by how rapidly these cells leave the bone marrow and enter the bloodstream.

Symptoms of the disease include:

h Excessive fatigue

h Fevers with night sweats

h Recurrent infections

h Swollen or bleeding gums

h Loss of appetite

h Enlarged liver or spleen

h Easy bruising and

h Bone or joint pain

Treatment is carried out in two phases. Induction uses chemotherapy to induce remission. Consolidation therapy is used to achieve a long-lasting remission. The type of treatment offered in this phase depends on the response to the treatment used in the induction phase and may include high-dose chemotherapy, stem cell transplant as well as other investigational therapy.

For North Mississippi Medical Center, Im Dr. Edward Hill.