Antacids

Tuesday, October 04, 2016

An antacid is a substance which neutralizes stomach acid, relieving heartburn, indigestion or stomach upset. Dr. Edward Hill tells us about the different types of antacids in todays 60 Second Housecall.

Dr. Hill:

Antacids are taken to relieve heartburn or indigestion caused by excess stomach acid. There are several kinds of antacids, including:

Sodium bicarbonate antacids, such as Alka-Seltzer. Avoid these antacids if you have high blood pressure or are on a salt-restricted diet.

Calcium carbonate antacids, such as Tums, are sometimes used as calcium supplements.

Aluminum-based antacids, such as Amphojel, are less potent and work more slowly than other products do. They may also cause constipation.

Magnesium compounds, such as Phillips Milk of Magnesia, may cause diarrhea.

Combination aluminum-magnesium antacids are less likely to cause constipation or diarrhea than are aluminum-only or magnesium-only antacids. Examples include Maalox, Mylanta, and Riopan. Many of these types of antacids contain simethicone to help break down gas bubbles in your stomach.

Antacids with alginic acid, such as Gaviscon, contain a foaming agent that floats on top of the stomach contents. This may help keep stomach juices from coming in contact with your esophagus.

For North Mississippi Medical Center, Im Dr. Edward Hill.