Bipolar Disorders

Thursday, May 10, 2012

Bipolar disorder, also known as manic-depressive illness, is a serious medical illness that causes shifts in a persons mood, energy and ability to function. Dr. Edward Hill takes a closer look at bipolar disorders in todays 60 Second Housecall.

Dr. Hill:

Bipolar disorders are mental conditions that cause different types of mood changes. The cause of bipolar disorders is unclear, but they may run in families.

Bipolar disorders can cause depression. They can also cause symptoms of mania, which can make you feel energized and impulsive. You can have symptoms of both depression and mania. This is called a mixed episode. Hypomania is similar to mania, but less severe.

If you have a bipolar disorder, you may sometimes lose touch with reality, misunderstand information, and hear things that arent there. Some people with bipolar disorders have thoughts of harming themselves or others. Call your doctor right away if you are having these thoughts.

Symptoms usually switch between depression and mania, hypomania, or mixed episodes. This cycle can happen over days, weeks or years.

Your doctor may prescribe a medicine called a mood stabilizer. You may need additional medicines to help control your mood episodes. Your doctor may also recommend therapy to help you cope with your feelings.

For North Mississippi Medical Center, Im Dr. Edward Hill.