Brain Injury

Tuesday, February 18, 2014

Every year, experts estimate more than 1.5 million traumatic brain injuries occur either as an isolated injury or along with other injuries. A traumatic brain injury can have devastating consequences. Dr. Edward Hill tells us more about brain injuries in todays 60 Second Housecall.

Dr. Hill:

Traumatic brain injury occurs when a sudden injury to the head causes damage to the brain. A closed head injury occurs when the head hits an object but does not break through the skull. A penetrating injury occurs when an object breaks through the skull and enters the brain.

A brain contusion, or bruise, often occurs on the opposite side of the injury from the brain bouncing off the skull.

Symptoms of a brain injury range from a mild concussion to complete coma. Some people with brain injuries develop a change in personality with depression, irritability and confusion.

The treatment of a traumatic brain injury may include surgery to control bleeding, and a direct pressure monitor inserted into the brain to measure intracranial pressure.

The outcome of a traumatic brain injury depends on the severity of the initial event and the extent of the brain damage.

The best prevention for traumatic brain injury is to wear seatbelts when driving or riding and protective headgear with any activity that puts you at risk.

For North Mississippi Medical Center, Im Dr. Edward Hill.