Friday, November 20, 2015

There are more than 160 bursae in the body. Elbow, shoulder or knee pain could mean you have bursitis, which is an inflammation of a bursa. Dr. Edward Hill tells us more about this condition in todays 60 Second Housecall.

Dr. Hill:

Bursitis is inflammation of a bursa, a fluid-filled sac that functions as a gliding surface to reduce friction between tissues of the body. There are 160 bursae in the body. The major bursae are located adjacent to the tendons near the large joints, such as the shoulders, elbows, hips and knees.

A bursa can become inflamed from injury, infection or an underlying arthritis condition.

Bursitis is typically identified by localized pain or swelling, tenderness and pain with motion of the joint. An X-ray can sometimes detect calcifications in the bursa when bursitis has been chronic or recurrent.

The treatment of any form of bursitis depends on whether or not it is infected. Bursitis that is not infected can be treated with ice compresses, rest and anti-inflammatory and pain medications.

Fever, swelling and red streaks in the extremity may indicate infection. Infectious bursitis requires further evaluation and aggressive treatment. Septic bursitis requires antibiotic therapy, sometimes intravenously. Surgical drainage and removal of the infected bursa sac may also be necessary.

For North Mississippi Medical Center, Im Dr. Edward Hill.