Tuesday, June 15, 2010

Cancer is a scary word. Almost everyone knows someone who has been affected by some type of cancer. Dr. Edward Hill discusses cancer and the specialists who treat the disease in todays 60 Second Housecall.

Dr. Hill:

Cancer is a word applied to different types of abnormal, unhealthy cells that grow in an uncontrolled way in the bodys tissues.

Cancer causes malignant tumors and loss of normal body organ function. The cancer cells can metastasize, or spread, to nearby organs or can spread through the bloodstream or lymph system to other areas of the body.

In addition to causing changes in and damaging the area where it started, cancer often causes other symptoms, such as fatigue, weight loss, anemia, pain, weakness, depression, shortness of breath and infection.

Oncologists and hematologists are doctors with specialized education and training in treating cancer and diseases of the bloodstream. Surgical oncologists focus on surgical management of cancer. Radiation oncologists are doctors with specialized training in using X-ray therapy to treat cancer.

Treatment depends on the type of cancer, the organs involved, the extent or spread of the cancer and the individuals health status. Treatments can include chemotherapy, radiation therapy, surgical procedures to remove cancerous tissue, bone marrow transplantation and support programs.

For North Mississippi Medical Center, Im Dr. Edward Hill.