Cerebral Palsy

Tuesday, December 21, 2010

Cerebral palsy is one of the most common congenital disorders of childhood, affecting about 500,000 children and adults of all ages in the United States.

Dr. Edward Hill discusses cerebral palsy in todays 60 Second Housecall.

Dr. Hill:

Cerebral palsy is a term that describes non-progressive but sometimes changing disorders of movement and posture. It is caused by injuries or abnormalities of the brain. Most of these problems occur as the baby grows in the womb, but they can happen at any time during the first two years of life, while the baby's brain is still developing.

Cerebral palsy affects motion, muscle strength, balance and coordination. These problems are first noted in infancy and continue into adult life. The muscles of speech, swallowing and breathing may be involved. Intellectual disabilities and seizures can also occur, but these problems are not always present.

Babies with cerebral palsy are slow to reach motor developmental milestones. They may not smile, roll over, sit up, crawl or walk at the expected times.

Cerebral palsy cannot be cured. However, quality of life can be improved for most children if they receive support and coordinated care. Physical therapy, occupational therapy and speech therapy can help children to maximize their potential activities at various stages of development.

For North Mississippi Medical Center, Im Dr. Edward Hill.