Colorectal Cancer 1

Monday, March 07, 2016

Colorectal cancer is cancer that starts in the colon or rectum. Dr. Edward Hill begins a two-part look at colorectal cancer in todays 60 Second Housecall.

Dr. Hill:

Colon and rectal cancers are malignant tumors that develop in the digestive tract. The two cancers are often referred to together as colorectal cancer.

There are more than 200,000 cases of colorectal cancer in the United States each year, and colorectal cancer is the second-leading cause of all cancer deaths.

Colorectal cancer most often strikes men and women over age 50. Although the exact cause is still unclear, experts believe most cases begin as polyps on the outer wall of the colon or rectum. If not removed, some polyps can develop into cancer. Polyps are easily detected with screening tests and often removed during the same procedures. Colorectal cancer may be curable if discovered early.

Treatment for colon cancer may include surgery to remove the cancer, radiation therapy and chemotherapy. The long-term outcome and choice of treatment for colon cancer usually depends on whether the cancer is in the colon or rectum, the stage of the cancer and the persons age and health.

For North Mississippi Medical Center, Im Dr. Edward Hill.