Colorectal Cancer 2

Tuesday, March 08, 2016

Colorectal cancer almost always develops from precancerous polyps in the colon or rectum. Screening tests can find precancerous polyps, so that they can be removed before they turn into cancer. Screening tests can also find colorectal cancer early, when treatment works best. Dr. Edward Hill discusses colorectal cancer screening and treatment in todays 60 Second Housecall.

Dr. Hill:

Screening is the process of looking for cancer in people who have no symptoms of the disease. Several different tests can be used to screen for colorectal cancers. These tests can be divided into two categories.

Tests that can find both colorectal polyps and cancer. These tests look at the structure of the colon itself to find any abnormal areas. This is done either with a scope inserted into the rectum or with special imaging tests. Polyps found before they become cancerous can be removed.

Tests that mainly find cancer: These involve testing the stool for signs that cancer may be present. These tests are less invasive and easier to have done, but they are less likely to detect polyps.

These tests as well as others can also be used when people have symptoms of colorectal cancer and other digestive diseases.

The type of treatment your doctor recommends will depend largely on the stage of your cancer. The three primary treatment options are: surgery, chemotherapy and radiation.

For North Mississippi Medical Center, Im Dr. Edward Hill.