Dementia

Monday, November 16, 2009

Dementia is a loss of brain function that occurs with certain diseases.

Although it is far more common in the geriatric population, dementia may occur in any stage of adulthood. Dr. Edward Hill tells us more about this condition in the 60 Second Housecall.

Dementia is the loss of intellectual ability, which is also known as cognitive function. Although dementia is more common in older adults, it is not a normal consequence of aging.

Signs and symptoms of dementia may include:

 Gradually increasing memory loss

 Confusion

 Unclear thinking, including losing problem-solving skills

 Agitated behavior or delusions

 Becoming lost in formerly familiar circumstances

 Loss of interest in daily or usual activities

Alzheimers disease is the most common cause of dementia. Vascular dementia is usually caused by strokes over a period of time that affect blood flow to areas of the brain related to memory and thinking. Some neurological diseases, such as Parkinsons disease and Huntingtons disease, can cause dementia because of their effects on brain tissue.

Diagnosing dementia can help the person and his or her family members seek help from available resources. Some prescription medications may help slow the progression of dementia during treatment.

For North Mississippi Medical Center, Im Dr. Edward Hill.