Diabetes

Monday, November 09, 2009

Almost everyone knows someone who has diabetes. An estimated 23.6 million people in the United Statesor 7.8 percent of the populationhave diabetes, a serious, lifelong condition. Dr. Edward Hill discusses the types of diabetes in todays 60 Second Housecall.

Diabetes is a disorder of metabolismthe way our bodies use digested food for growth and energy.

There are three main types of diabetes:

Gestational diabetes develops only during pregnancy.

Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease that accounts for about 5 to 10 percent of diabetes in the United States. It develops most often in children and young adults. Symptoms include increased thirst and urination, constant hunger, weight loss, blurred vision and extreme fatigue.

About 90 to 95 percent of people with diabetes have type 2. This form of diabetes is associated with older age, obesity, family history of diabetes, physical inactivity and ethnicity.

In type 2 diabetes, the pancreas is usually producing enough insulin, but for unknown reasons, the body cannot use the insulin effectively. After several years, insulin production decreases.

Symptoms of type 2 diabetes include fatigue, nausea, frequent urination, unusual thirst, weight loss, blurred vision, frequent infections and slow healing of wounds or sores.

For North Mississippi Medical Center, Im Dr. Edward Hill.