Diabetes and Insulin

Thursday, December 02, 2010

Insulin is a natural hormone made by the pancreas that controls the level of the sugar glucose in the blood. Dr. Edward Hill discusses insulin and its role in the life of people with diabetes in todays 60 Second Housecall.

Dr. Hill:

Insulin is a naturally occurring hormone secreted by the pancreas. Many people with diabetes are prescribed insulin, either because their bodies do not produce insulin or do not use insulin properly.

More than 20 types of insulin are sold in the United States. These insulins differ in how they are made, how they work in the body and how much they cost. Your doctor will help you find the right type of insulin for your health needs and your lifestyle.

In people with type 1 diabetes, the pancreas no longer makes insulin. The beta cells have been destroyed and the individuals need insulin shots to use glucose from meals. People with type 2 diabetes make insulin, but their bodies don't respond well to it.

Often insulins are used in combination to provide constant glucose levels over the entire day. Some patients use an insulin pump that can be programmed to secrete variable doses of insulin throughout the day.

For North Mississippi Medical Center, Im Dr. Edward Hill.