Diabetic Neuropathy

Thursday, May 05, 2016

Diabetic neuropathy is a type of nerve damage that can occur with diabetes. It is estimated that there are more than 200,000 cases in the United States each year. Dr. Edward Hill tells us more about diabetic neuropathy in todays 60 Second Housecall.

Dr. Hill:

Diabetic neuropathy is a group of nerve disorders that can cause numbness and pain.

Various nerves in the body can be involved, including in the feet, legs, arms, and internal organs. An individual nerve can be involved, but more commonly, a pattern of neuropathy affecting many nerves and different locations occurs.

The risk of developing neuropathy increases the longer a person has diabetes. High blood glucose and lipid levels, impaired blood supply to the nerves, obesity, high blood pressure, smoking and alcohol use all contribute to the development of diabetic neuropathy.

The most important part of treatment of diabetic neuropathy is to achieve good control of blood glucose levels. There are medications to help with pain due to neuropathy.

Foot self-care plays a central role: this includes daily self-examination using a mirror to look for red spots, cuts, swelling, or blisters. In addition, careful cutting and filing of nails; regular use of moisturizing lotions; wearing thick, soft, seamless socks; and using shoes that fit well all help prevent ulcers.

For North Mississippi Medical Center, Im Dr. Edward Hill.