Diabetic Retinopathy

Monday, May 30, 2016

Diabetic retinopathy is damage to the eyes retina that occurs with long-term diabetes. Dr. Edward Hill explains what this condition does and why it occurs in todays 60 Second Housecall.

Dr. Hill:

Diabetic retinopathy, the most common diabetic eye disease, occurs when blood vessels in the retina change.

Over time, too much sugar in your blood can lead to the blockage of the tiny blood vessels that nourish the retina, cutting off its blood supply.

Sometimes these vessels swell and leak fluid or even close off completely. In other cases, abnormal new blood vessels grow on the surface of the retina.

You might not have symptoms in the diseases early stages. But as it progresses, diabetic retinopathy usually causes vision loss that in many cases cannot be reversed.

Patients with diabetic retinopathy complain of cloudy vision, sensitivity to glare, blind spots, peripheral visual field loss and double vision.

Treatment depends on the type of diabetic retinopathy you have and how severe it is. Treatment, which can include laser procedures and injections, is geared to slowing or stopping progression of the condition.

Diabetic retinopathy can be prevented with good blood glucose control and regular eye care. More advanced cases need prompt surgical treatment.

For North Mississippi Medical Center, Im Dr. Edward Hill.