Down Syndrome

Thursday, January 22, 2015

Down syndrome results when an extra chromosome causes delays in a childs development. The condition affects one in every 691 babies. Dr. Edward Hill discusses Down syndrome in todays 60 Second Housecall.

Dr. Hill:

Down syndrome is a condition in which extra genetic material causes delays in the way a child develops and often leads to mental retardation.

An estimated 400,000 Americans have Down syndrome and about 6,000 babies with Down syndrome are born in the U.S. each year. Women age 35 and older have a significantly higher risk of having a child with the condition.

Children with Down syndrome tend to share certain physical features such as a flat facial profile, an upward slant to the eyes, small ears and an enlarged tongue.

Low muscle tone and loose joints are also characteristic of children with Down syndrome. While some kids with Down syndrome have no other health problems, others may experience a host of medical issues that require extra care, such as congenital heart defects and problems with hearing and vision.

Today, many children with Down syndrome grow up going to school and enjoying many of the same activities as other kids their age. They have no problems loving others and enjoying life.

For North Mississippi Medical Center, Im Dr. Edward Hill.