Dystonia

Monday, May 20, 2013

Dystonia is a movement disorder that causes the muscles to contract and spasm involuntarily. Dr. Edward Hill explains more about dystonia in todays 60 Second Housecall.

Dr. Hill:

Dystonia is a movement disorder that causes involuntary contractions of your muscles. These contractions result in twisting and repetitive movements. Sometimes they are painful.

Dystonia can affect just one muscle, a group of muscles or all of your muscles. Symptoms can include tremors, voice problems or a dragging foot. Symptoms often start in childhood. They can also start in the late teens or early adulthood. Some cases worsen over time. Others are mild.

Some people inherit dystonia. Others have it because of another disease. Researchers think that dystonia may be caused by a problem in the part of the brain that handles messages about muscle contractions.

Although there is presently no cure for dystonia, multiple treatment options are available. Treatment is highly customized to the need of the individual.

The purpose of treatment for dystonia is to help lessen the symptoms of muscle spasms, pain and awkward postures. Medicines, Botox injections, surgery, physical therapy and other treatments may be used to reduce or eliminate muscle spasms and pain.

For North Mississippi Medical Center, Im Dr. Edward Hill.