Ebola

Monday, November 10, 2014

Ebola is a deadly virus and, with the first documented case in the United States, is now very much a national concern. Dr. Edward Hill takes a closer look at Ebola in todays 60 Second Housecall.

Dr. Hill:

Ebola, previously known as Ebola hemorrhagic fever, is a rare and deadly disease caused by infection with one of the Ebola virus strains.

The first human outbreaks of the disease occurred in 1976 in Africa. The virus is named after the Ebola River, where the disease was first recognized.

Ebola is extremely infectious but not extremely contagious. Unlike highly contagious diseases such as measles or influenza, Ebola is not transmitted through the air.

Humans can be infected by other humans if they come in contact with body fluids from an infected person or contaminated objects from infected persons.

Symptoms may appear anywhere from two to 21 days after exposure to Ebola, but the average is eight to 10 days. They may include:

Fever

Severe headache

Muscle pain

Weakness

Diarrhea

Vomiting

Abdominal pain, and

Unexplained bleeding or bruising

Recovery from Ebola depends on good supportive clinical care and the patients immune response. People who recover from Ebola infection develop antibodies that last for at least 10 years.

For North Mississippi Medical Center, Im Dr. Edward Hill.