Tuesday, June 07, 2011

About 5.5 million women in the United States have endometriosis, making it one of the most common health problems for women. Dr. Edward Hill describes this condition and treatment options in todays 60 Second Housecall.

Dr. Hill:

Endometriosis is a problem many women have during their childbearing years. Endometriosis occurs when the tissue that lines your uterus starts growing outside the uterus. This does not always cause symptoms, and it usually is not dangerous. Endometriosis can cause pain and infertility.

During your menstrual cycle, implants of tissue growing outside your uterus get thicker, break down and bleed. The implants can get irritated and painful, sometimes forming scar tissue or cysts. Scar tissue in the fallopian tubes may make it difficult for you to get pregnant.

Although there is no cure for endometriosis, treatment can improve pain and infertility. Hormonal therapy can shrink endometriosis implants and may reduce pain.

If you have endometrial pain or bleeding, birth control pills or anti-inflammatory medication may control the pain. Birth control pills help shrink endometrial tissue and improve pain for most women. They are also likely to prevent endometriosis from getting worse. In severe cases, surgery may be needed.

For North Mississippi Medical Center, Im Dr. Edward Hill.