Genomic Medicine

Thursday, June 27, 2013

Genomic medicine, sometimes also known as personalized medicine, is a way to customize medical care to your bodys unique genetic makeup.

Dr. Edward Hill explains more about this in todays 60 Second Housecall.

Dr. Hill:

Different people may have small variations in specific genes, and some people may have genes that others do not. These may increase susceptibility to a specific disease or provide protection from that illness.

Scientists continue to discover new ways that subtle gene differences cause large differences in health. This understanding can lead to better ways to prevent, diagnose, and treat many types of health conditions.

Genomic medicine describes these efforts. Although genomic medicine is early in development, some areas where it has shown promise include

Risk assessmentfor instance, women with a BRCA gene mutation are at higher risk of developing breast cancer.

Early detectionindividuals with mutations in genes that increase risk of colon cancer benefit from earlier and more frequent screening for colon cancer.

Diagnosis and Prognosisfor many types of cancer, presence or absence of specific mutations means a higher likelihood of survival.

Tailored treatmentfor some medications, identifying individual gene differences can help customize both the selection of medications and dosing.

For North Mississippi Medical Center, Im Dr. Edward Hill.