Glycemic Index

Thursday, November 12, 2015

The glycemic index ranks foods on how they affect our blood glucose levels. Dr. Edward Hill tells us more about the glycemic index and how it works in todays 60 Second Housecall.

Dr. Hill:

The Glycemic Index is a numerical index that ranks carbohydrates based on their rate of glycemic response, which is their conversion to glucose within the human body.

Glycemic Index uses a scale of 0 to 100, with higher values given to foods that cause the most rapid rise in blood sugar.

Carbohydrates that break down quickly during digestion have the highest glycemic indexes. The blood glucose response is fast and high. Carbohydrates that break down slowly, releasing glucose gradually into the bloodstream, have low glycemic indexes.

Diets with a low glycemic index can result in a smaller rise in blood glucose levels and can help people lose weight because they decrease appetite and delay hunger. They can also improve diabetes control as the bodys sensitivity to insulin improves.

How do you eat a low glycemic diet?

Use breakfast cereals based on oats, barley and bran

Use grainy breads made with whole seeds

Reduce the amount of potatoes you eat, and

Enjoy all types of fruit and vegetables

For North Mississippi Medical Center, Im Dr. Edward Hill.