Head and Neck Cancers

Thursday, June 01, 2017

Head and neck cancers are a group of cancers of the mouth, sinuses, nose or throat. Dr. Edward Hill tells us more about head and neck cancers in todays 60 Second Housecall.

Dr. Hill:

Head and neck cancers are a broad category of cancers that start in the tissues and organs of the head and neck. They include cancers of the larynx, throat, lips, mouth, nose and salivary glands.

Most head and neck cancers begin in squamous cells, which are cells that line moist surfaces such as those inside the head and neck.

Symptoms can occur in mouth, sinuses, nose, or throat and include a sore or lump that doesnt heal, a persistent sore throat, trouble swallowing and changes in the voice.

Tobacco use, heavy alcohol use and infection with human papillomavirus increase the risk of many types of head and neck cancer.

Head and neck cancer treatment depends on the type, location and size of your cancer. Treatment often involves surgery, radiation therapy and chemotherapy. Treatments may be combined.

After treatment, recovery from head and neck cancers may involve working with rehabilitation specialists and other experts to cope with side effects, such as hearing loss and difficulty eating, breathing or speaking.

For North Mississippi Medical Center, Im Dr. Edward Hill.