Wednesday, March 19, 2014

About 1 in 5,000 males are born with hemophilia each year. Hemophilia is the oldest known hereditary bleeding disorder. Dr. Edward Hill discusses this rare condition in todays 60 Second Housecall.

Dr. Hill:

Hemophilia is a rare genetic bleeding disorder that almost always occurs in males. Our body produces clotting factors that help control bleeding after a cut or injury. A person with hemophilia inherits blood-clotting factors that do not function properly.

If you have hemophilia, you may bleed for a longer time than others after an injury. You also may bleed internally. This bleeding can damage your organs and tissues and may be life threatening.

Hemophilia is caused by an inherited defect in a pair of chromosomes. The defect affects how much clotting factor a person will produce and how the factor will function.

Symptoms of severe hemophilia are usually first noticed during infancy or childhood. Some people who have milder forms of hemophilia may not develop symptoms until later in life.

Because hemophilia is a genetic disease, treatment often begins at birth. Hemophilia is primarily treated by replacing the absent or abnormal clotting factors to prevent severe blood loss and complications from bleeding.

For North Mississippi Medical Center, Im Dr. Edward Hill.