Hip Fractures Decline

Thursday, January 07, 2010

Hip fractures can cause severe health problems and lead to reduced quality of life and premature death but one study has found that these injuries are on the decline. Dr. Edward Hill discusses the study in todays 60 Second Housecall.

Hip fracture rates and deaths related to such injuries are decreasing in the United States among people aged 65 and older.

The reasons for the declining fracture and death rates arent entirely clear, but researchers credit lifestyle changes and possibly medications as probable contributors.

Lifestyle changes include increased societal attention on the importance of calcium and vitamin D supplements, avoidance of smoking and more emphasis on the benefits of weight-bearing exercise and moderate alcohol intake.

A Canadian study analyzed data on 780,000 hip fractures between 1985 and 2005. The researchers also obtained medication data.

The majority of fractures, more than 75 percent, occurred in women. Most hip fractures in both men and women were found in people ages 75 to 84.

Hip fracture research is critical because about 30 percent of people with hip fractures die in the following year, many experience long-term significant functional loss, and the financial cost is enormous.

For North Mississippi Medical Center, Im Dr. Edward Hill.