Human Brain

Monday, February 17, 2014

The brain is the most complex part of the human body. This three-pound organ determines our intelligence, interprets our senses, initiates body movement and controls behavior. Dr. Edward Hill discusses the human brain in todays 60 Second Housecall.

Dr. Hill:

The brain is the most complex organ in the body. The brain is divided into three main parts:

The hind brain, which includes the middle part of the brain called the brain stem and the cerebellum. This part of the brain controls involuntary functions such as breathing, heart rate and coordination of movement.

The midbrain, located just above the brain stem, controls reflex actions, eye movements and other voluntary muscle motion.

The forebrain, which includes the outer part of the brain, or cerebrum. It allows us to think and controls the higher senses of smell, hearing, taste and touch.

We need to avoid traumatic brain injury by wearing seat belts when driving or riding and protective head gear when doing anything that puts us at risk. Avoid excessive alcohol which can damage brain tissues. High blood pressure and diabetes can damage the arteries in the brain. And last, exercise the brain by continuing to learn and do things that stimulate this essential organ.

For North Mississippi Medical Center, Im Dr. Edward Hill.