Hyperthyroidism Treatment

Tuesday, May 10, 2016

Hyperthyroidism treatments include radioactive iodine, medications and sometimes surgery. Dr. Edward Hill discusses these treatment options for an overactive thyroid gland in todays 60 Second Housecall.

Dr. Hill:

Treatment of overactive thyroid gland depends on the cause, your age, other medical conditions and your preference.

No matter the cause, your doctor may prescribe a medicine called a beta blocker. This medicine blocks thyroid hormones action on your organs, slows down your heart rate, and helps with nervousness and shaking.

There are three main treatments for hyperthyroidism:

Antithyroid medicines help the thyroid make hormones more slowly.

The most common treatment for hyperthyroidism is radioactive iodine, which is taken once by mouth as a pill. It destroys the cells that make thyroid hormones after a period of weeks or months. Most patients will have an underactive thyroid after taking radioactive iodine, and

Surgery to remove the thyroid. With this surgery, there is a risk of hurting other glands that control calcium levels in your body. There is also a risk of hurting nerves that control your vocal cords. Patients who have their thyroid removed will need to take a thyroid hormone pill.

For North Mississippi Medical Center, Im Dr. Edward Hill.