Infectious Mononucleosis

Monday, December 12, 2016

Infectious mononucleosis is an infection that causes sore throat, fever, swollen glands and tiredness or fatigue. Dr. Edward Hill discusses mono in todays 60 Second Housecall.

Dr. Hill:

Infectious mononucleosis is transmitted by exposure to saliva, so it can be spread by kissing, by sharing glasses or cutlery, and by droplets spread by coughing. Mono is usually caused by the Epstein-Barr virus. It most often affects children, teenagers and young adults.

Most patients with mono have a sore throat, fever, and headache and feel tired or fatigued. Most also have swollen glands in the neck, behind the ears and even toward the back of the head. Some also have pus on the tonsils and small red dots on the roof of the mouth.

Treatment for mono consists mainly of rest. Patients can take medicine such as acetaminophen, ibuprofen or naproxen for fever and body aches. Aspirin should be avoided in children because it is associated with Reye syndrome. Corticosteroids are sometimes prescribed in severe cases or in patients with complications.

Patients should get as much rest as they need, but being confined to bed is not necessary. It may take three months or more to completely recover.

For North Mississippi Medical Center, Im Dr. Edward Hill.