Infertility

Monday, April 27, 2015

If getting pregnant has been a challenge for you and your partner, youre not alone. Ten to 15 percent of couples in the United States are infertile. Dr. Edward Hill discusses infertility in todays 60 Second Housecall.

Dr. Hill:

Infertility is defined as not being able to get pregnant after 12 months of trying. It may be caused by medical problems in you or your partner. In about 40 percent of cases, there are factors in both partners.

Both partners should be tested. Men give a semen sample to test the quality and number of sperm. Women have tests based on their history and exam. Women may also need hormone tests and tests to look for blockages in their fallopian tubes or uterus.

Treatment options include hormone therapy to help with ovulation, or other hormones to treat an underlying problem. If you have blocked tubes or endometriosis, surgery may be needed. You may also need to see an infertility specialist for treatments like intrauterine insemination or in vitro fertilization.

If you are 35 years or older or have risk factors for infertility, like endometriosis, pelvic inflammatory disease, or pelvic surgeries, ask your doctor for an evaluation after you have tried for six months to get pregnant.

For North Mississippi Medical Center, Im Dr. Edward Hill.