Kidney Failure

Wednesday, January 26, 2011

The kidneys are a pair of vital organs that perform many functions to keep the blood clean and chemically balanced. What happens when they fail? Dr. Edward Hill discusses kidney failure and how it is treated in todays 60 Second Housecall.

Dr. Hill:

Kidneys filter blood by keeping compounds that are useful and removing waste and excess fluid, and they help regulate blood pressure and the number of red blood cells.

Kidney failure occurs when the kidneys cannot properly remove wastes, causing buildup of waste and fluid in the body.

Acute kidney failure develops suddenly, sometimes because of severe infection, drugs or other chemical agents, or physical trauma. If the underlying problem can be successfully treated, complete recovery of the kidneys is possible.

Chronic kidney failure develops gradually over years.

End-stage kidney disease causes anemia, high blood pressure, bone disease, heart failure and poor mental functioning.

Dialysis is the treatment used when the kidneys stop working altogether. Transplantation is the use of a new kidney from a donor to replace damaged kidneys.

See a doctor if you have pain or burning when you urinate, frequent urges to urinate, urine that is cloudy or dark, fever or a feeling of shakiness, or pain in your back or side that does not go away.

For North Mississippi Medical Center, Im Dr. Edward Hill.