Knee Replacement

Tuesday, January 08, 2013

Knee replacements are becoming more and more routine. In fact, more than 500,000 people in the United States have knee replacements each year. Dr. Edward Hill explains more about knee replacement in todays 60 Second Housecall.

Dr. Hill:

The most common reason for knee replacement is osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis is destruction of the cartilage and can occur at any joint in the body, but the knees are often the first site.

Referral to an orthopedic surgeon and evaluation for knee replacement may be offered when other treatments for osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis fail.

Total knee replacement uses metal or plastic parts, or a combination, to replace both surfaces of the knee joint and the kneecap.

Partial knee replacement involves only one side of the knee joint.

Computer-assisted knee replacement relies on specialized digital technology to guide the procedure.

Minimally invasive knee replacement uses smaller skin incisions.

Infection after knee replacement can be serious. Antibiotics that are given before the surgical procedure starts protect against infection.

Blood clots are a serious complication of joint replacement. Your surgeon will prescribe a blood thinner after the operation to reduce this risk.

Prosthesis malfunction may require another procedure to fix or replace the parts.

For North Mississippi Medical Center, Im Dr. Edward Hill.