Macular Degeneration 2

Wednesday, June 01, 2016

While there is no cure for macular degeneration, treatment options are available to help reduce the diseases progression. Dr. Edward Hill discusses the two types of macular degeneration and treatment options in todays 60 Second Housecall.

Dr. Hill:

There are two main types of age-related macular degeneration. The dry form is characterized by the presence of yellow deposits, called drusen, in the macula. Most people who have macular degeneration have the dry form.

The wet form of macular degeneration is characterized by the growth of abnormal blood vessels from the choroid underneath the macula.

There is no cure, but age-related macular degeneration treatments may prevent severe vision loss or slow the progression of the disease considerably. Several treatment options are available, including:

Low vision rehabilitation.

Anti-angiogenic drugs. These medications block the development of new blood vessels and leakage from the abnormal vessels within the eye that cause wet macular degeneration.

Laser therapy. High-energy laser light can sometimes be used to destroy actively growing abnormal blood vessels.

Photodynamic laser therapy. A two-step treatment designed to damage abnormal blood vessels, and

Vitamins. For some individuals, vitamins C, E, beta-carotene, zinc and copper may decrease the risk of vision loss.

For North Mississippi Medical Center, Im Dr. Edward Hill.