Malnutrition

Tuesday, June 12, 2012

Malnutrition can occur when people are under-nourished or over-nourished. Both types of malnutrition can be harmful and in some cases fatal. Dr. Edward Hill explains more about this condition in todays 60 Second Housecall.

Dr. Hill:

Malnutrition develops when the body does not get the right amount of the vitamins, minerals and other nutrients it needs to maintain healthy tissues and organ function.

Malnutrition occurs in people who are either under-nourished or over-nourished. Under-nutrition is caused by consuming too few essential nutrients or using them more rapidly than they can be replaced.

Infants, young children and teenagers need additional nutrients. So do women who are pregnant or breastfeeding. Nutrient loss can be accelerated by diarrhea, excessive sweating, heavy bleeding or kidney failure. Malnutrition is the leading cause of death in children in developing countries.

Over-nutrition results from eating too much, eating too many of the wrong things, not exercising enough or taking too many vitamins or other dietary replacements.

Nutritional disorders affect every system in the body. If malnutrition is not corrected, alterations in enzymes, tissues and organs may be followed by illness and death.

For North Mississippi Medical Center, Im Dr. Edward Hill.