Wednesday, October 16, 2013

Mastectomy is used to remove all breast tissue if you have breast cancer or are at especially high risk of developing it. Dr. Edward Hill tells us more about this procedure in todays 60 Second Housecall.

Dr. Hill:

A mastectomy is surgery to remove a breast. It is performed either to treat or to prevent breast cancer. Only high-risk patients have surgery to prevent cancer. There are four main types:

Total mastectomyremoval of breast tissue and nipple

Modified radical mastectomyremoval of the breast, most of the lymph nodes under the arm and often the lining over the chest muscles

Lumpectomysurgery to remove the tumor and a small amount of normal tissue around it

Radical mastectomythe removal of the breast, lymph nodes and chest muscles. This is no longer common.

Which surgery you have depends on the stage of cancer, size of the tumor, size of the breast and whether the lymph nodes are involved.

Newer mastectomy techniques can preserve breast skin and allow for a more natural breast appearance following the procedure. Surgery to restore shape to your breast called breast reconstruction may be done at the same time as your mastectomy or during a second operation at a later date.

For North Mississippi Medical Center, Im Dr. Edward Hill.