Mediterranean Diet and Diabetes

Tuesday, November 17, 2009

People with type 2 diabetes may be able to keep their condition under control without drugs by following a Mediterranean-style diet better than with a typical low-fat diet. Dr. Edward Hill tells us more about a study by Italian researchers in the 60 Second Housecall.

People with type 2 diabetes who eat a Mediterranean diet rich in vegetables and whole grains may be able to manage their disease without medications better than those who follow a traditional low-fat diet.

After a four-year study, Italian researchers found that 44 percent of people on the Mediterranean diet ended up requiring diabetes medications to control their blood sugars. That is compared with 70 percent of those who followed the low-fat diet.

In the study, researchers randomly assigned the 215 subjects, who were recently diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, to either a Mediterranean-style diet or a low-fat diet.

The Mediterranean diet was rich in vegetables and whole grains and low in red meat.

The Mediterranean diet group had better glycemic control and were less likely to require diabetes medications to bring their blood sugar within healthy levels.

In addition, people who followed the Mediterranean diet also experienced improvement in other heart disease risk factors.

For North Mississippi Medical Center, Im Dr. Edward Hill.