Mononucleosis 1

Monday, May 04, 2015

Infectious mononucleosis, sometimes called the kissing disease, is an infection usually caused by Epstein-Barr virus. Dr. Edward Hill begins a two-part discussion of mono in todays 60 Second Housecall.

Dr. Hill:

Infectious mononucleosis, also known as mono, is an illness that usually affects adolescents and young adults.

Infectious mononucleosis is caused by an Epstein-Barr virus infection. Epstein-Barr virus is one of the most common viruses that infects humans.

Epstein-Barr virus is spread through bodily fluids. It is most commonly transmitted through saliva, which is why mono is sometimes called the kissing disease.

You can also become infected with Epstein-Barr virus by sharing a drinking glass, utensils, or a straw with a person who is infected. The virus can also be transmitted through mucus, blood, semen or vaginal secretions.

A person can spread the Epstein-Barr virus to other people before having any symptoms of mono and for months after symptoms go away.

Death due to mono is very rare. If you are diagnosed as having mono, you should not play contact sports or do very strenuous activity for at least four weeks because your spleen may be enlarged and could rupture.

For North Mississippi Medical Center, Im Dr. Edward Hill.