Mononucleosis 2

Tuesday, May 05, 2015

Mononucleosis is a viral infection caused most often by the Epstein-Barr virus. It is often spread by saliva and close contact. In todays 60 Second Housecall, Dr. Edward Hill discusses the symptoms of mono.

Dr. Hill:

Infectious mononucleosis, often called mono, refers to a group of symptoms

usually caused by the Epstein-Barr virus.

The symptoms of mono are common to many infections. You might think you have a cold, the flu or strep throat. Fatigue is often more severe with mono than with other viral or bacterial illnesses.

Other common symptoms of mono include

Fever

Sore throat

Swollen lymph nodes, especially in the neck

Rash

Body aches, and

Loss of appetite

Most symptoms go away in two to four weeks, but you might continue to feel tired for several weeks or even months.

A doctor may suspect mono based on symptoms. A blood test can confirm the diagnosis.

There are no medications to treat the infection itself. Antibiotics do not help because antibiotics do not work against viruses, including Epstein-Barr virus.

You can treat the symptoms of mononucleosis, however. Over-the-counter medications such as acetaminophen and ibuprofen can decrease pain and fever. Resting and drinking plenty of fluids are important.

For North Mississippi Medical Center, Im Dr. Edward Hill.