Wednesday, October 28, 2015

Neuroblastoma is a disease in which cancer cells form in nerve tissue of the adrenal gland, neck, chest or spinal cord. It most often begins during early childhood. Dr. Edward Hill discusses this type of cancer in todays 60 Second Housecall.

Dr. Hill:

Neuroblastoma is a cancer that develops from immature nerve cells found in several areas of the body.

Neuroblastoma most commonly arises in and around the adrenal glands, which have similar origins to nerve cells and sit atop the kidneys. However, neuroblastoma can also develop in other areas of the abdomen and in the chest, neck and near the spine.

Neuroblastoma begins in neuroblasts immature nerve cells that a fetus makes as part of its development process. It most commonly affects children age 5 or younger, though it may rarely occur in older children.

Your childs doctor selects a treatment plan based on several factors that affect your childs prognosis. Factors include your childs age, the stage of the cancer, the type of cells involved in the cancer and whether there are any abnormalities in the chromosomes and genes.

This information is used to categorize the cancer as low risk, intermediate risk or high risk. The treatment your child receives for neuroblastoma depends on the risk category.

For North Mississippi Medical Center, Im Dr. Edward Hill.