Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

Wednesday, February 17, 2010

Obsessive-compulsive disorder is a type of anxiety that happens when there is a problem with the way the brain deals with normal worrying and doubts. Dr. Edward Hill discusses this condition in todays 60 Second Housecall.

Obsessive-compulsive disorder is surprisingly common, affecting two or three of every 100 people.

OCD has two main symptoms: obsessions and compulsions. Obsessions are upsetting thoughts, pictures or urges that keep coming into your mind even though you dont want them to. Most people try to reduce the anxiety that the obsessions create. They develop habits, called compulsions.

Theres no simple way to explain what causes this disorder. Most likely, its a combination of both physical and mental factors. People with obsessive-compulsive disorder may not have enough serotonin in their brain.

Mental or psychological factors also play a role in obsessive-compulsive disorder.

There are two main ways to treat obsessive-compulsive disorders; one is medical and the other is psychological. Medical treatment usually involves taking a medicine that has anti-obsessive and anti-compulsive effects.

The other treatment approach is called Exposure Response Prevention. In this treatment, a person is gradually exposed to the things that trigger their compulsive behavior while they try to stop doing their usual rituals.

For North Mississippi Medical Center, Im Dr. Edward Hill.