Osteomyelitis

Friday, June 24, 2011

Sometimes a bad cut that gets infected can lead to even worse things, like a bone infection. Dr. Edward Hill tells us about bone infections, called osteomyelitis, in todays 60 Second Housecall.

Dr. Hill:

Osteomyelitis is an inflammation of bone caused by an infecting organism. The infection may be limited to a single portion of the bone or may involve multiple areas.

The infection is generally caused by a single organism, but polymicrobial infections, caused by different and multiple bacteria or fungi, can occur, especially in patients with diabetes.

Persons of any age can develop a bone infection, although it is more common in children and persons older than 50 years.

Signs and symptoms of acute osteomyelitis may include:

Fever

Irritability

Lethargy

Pain, warmth, swelling and redness over the area of infection, or

Drainage from an open wound

Risk factors for osteomyelitis include poor circulationas in diabetes, peripheral arterial disease and sickle cell diseaserecent injury or orthopedic surgery.

Osteomyelitis is treated with appropriate antibiotics and surgery. Surgical procedures may involve drainage of the infected area, removal of diseased bone and tissue, restoration of blood flow or removal of foreign material.

For North Mississippi Medical Center, Im Dr. Edward Hill.