Wednesday, February 01, 2017

Perimenopause refers to the natural decline in reproductive hormones when a woman reaches her 40s or 50s. Dr. Edward Hill discusses this transitional period in todays 60 Second Housecall.

Dr. Hill:

Perimenopause refers to the time during which your body makes the natural transition to menopause, marking the end of the reproductive years. Perimenopause is also called the menopausal transition. It refers to the time during which a womans body makes the natural transition to menopause.

Women start perimenopause at different ages. You may notice signs of progression toward menopause, such as menstrual irregularity, sometime in your 40s. But some women notice changes as early as their mid-30s.

The level of estrogenthe main female hormonein your body rises and falls unevenly during perimenopause. Your menstrual cycles may lengthen or shorten, and you may begin having menstrual cycles in which your ovaries dont release an egg. You may also experience menopause-like symptoms, such as hot flashes, sleep problems and vaginal dryness. Treatments are available to help ease these symptoms.

Once youve gone through 12 consecutive months without a menstrual period, youve officially reached menopause, and the perimenopause period is over.

For North Mississippi Medical Center, Im Dr. Edward Hill.