Friday, November 23, 2012

Pharyngitis is a painful inflammation of the back part of the throat Dr. Edward Hill takes a closer look at this condition in todays 60 Second Housecall.

Dr. Hill:

Pharyngitis, or sore throat, is discomfort, pain, or scratchiness in the throat. It often makes it painful to swallow.

Pharyngitis is caused by swelling of the pharynx, which is in the back of the throat, between the tonsils and the voicebox.

Most sore throats are caused by a viral infection, such as the cold or flu. Some viruses can cause specific types of sore throat, such as coxsackie infection or mononucleosis.

Most cases of pharyngitis occur during the colder months. The illness often spreads among family members.

The main symptom is a sore throat. Other symptoms may include fever, headache, joint pain and muscle aches, skin rashes, and swollen lymph nodes in the neck.

Most sore throats are caused by viruses, which antibiotics do not help. Using them to treat viral infections helps strengthen bacteria and make them resistant to antibiotics. Fortunately, most cases of pharyngitis go away on their own or are treatable with analgesics, or topical anesthetics.

For North Mississippi Medical Center, Im Dr. Edward Hill.