Wednesday, December 21, 2016

Pneumonia is an infection that inflames air sacs in one of both lungs, which may fill with fluid. Dr. Edward Hill tells us more about pneumonia in todays 60 Second Housecall.

Dr. Hill:

Pneumonia is a lung infection that can be caused by bacteria, viruses or fungi.

Alveoli are where this gas exchange occurs. Pneumonia causes alveoli, very small air sacs at the ends of the airway branches in the lungs, to become inflamed and to fill up with fluid.

Bacteria are the most common cause of pneumonia in adults, while viruses are the most common cause in children younger than 5 years.

Common symptoms of pneumonia include cough with phlegm, difficulty breathing, fever, chest pain, fatigue and confusion.

While anyone can get pneumonia, certain groups are at higher risk of developing the disease. Children younger than 2 years and adults older than 65 years are at increased risk.

Bacterial pneumonia is treated with antibiotic medicines. Antibiotics will not help in cases of viral pneumonia, which often improves without treatment.

Many cases of pneumonia can be treated at home. If your symptoms are severe or you have other health problems, you may need to be treated in the hospital.

For North Mississippi Medical Center, Im Dr. Edward Hill.