Prolactinoma

Tuesday, October 22, 2013

A prolactinoma is a benign tumor of the pituitary gland that produces a hormone called prolactin. It is the most common type of pituitary tumor. Dr. Edward Hill discusses prolactinomas in todays 60 Second Housecall.

Dr. Hill:

A prolactinoma is a type of tumor that affects your pituitary. The pituitary is a small gland at the base of your brain. It helps to regulate hormone levels in your body. A prolactinoma may cause the pituitary to make too much of a hormone called prolactin.

A prolactinoma can cause many symptoms. You may lose interest in sex. Your nipples may leak fluid. Women may not be able to get pregnant. Women who have not gone through menopause can have changes in their menstrual cycle. If the tumor gets bigger, it can cause headaches and vision problems.

Medicines called dopamine agonists can shrink the tumor and stop it from making so much prolactin. If the tumor is too big or if the medicines dont work, you may need surgery.

Depending on the size of the tumor and your symptoms, you may not need treatment. If you decide not to treat your tumor, be sure to see your doctor every six to 12 months.

For North Mississippi Medical Center, Im Dr. Edward Hill.