Prostate CancerTuesday, September 17, 2013
Prostate cancer is the most common cancer, and the second-leading cause of cancer deaths, among American men. Dr. Edward Hill tells us more about prostate cancer, screening and treatment options in todays 60 Second Housecall.
Prostate cancer is an abnormal, uncontrolled growth of cells originating in the prostate gland.
The most often used screening tests include:
Digital rectal examination
Blood test to detect a substance called PSA, prostate-specific antigenThis test is not perfect. Many men with mildly elevated PSA levels can have noncancerous prostate enlargement, which is a normal part of aging, whereas men with prostate cancer may have normal levels of PSA.
Decisions regarding the best treatment for you depend on a number of factors. These include your age, life expectancy, overall health status, and the growth and spread of the tumor, along with your doctors recommendations. Treatment options may include:
Watchful waitingConservative care involves watching for new signs or symptoms with regular checkups and testing.
Surgery The most effective way to cure prostate cancer is to undergo a radical prostatectomy, or removal of the prostate gland. This treatment can result in subsequent problems regarding impotency or incontinence.
Radiation therapyTreatment with high-energy X-rays to kill or shrink cancer cells.
For North Mississippi Medical Center, Im Dr. Edward Hill.