Prostate Cancer

Tuesday, September 17, 2013

Prostate cancer is the most common cancer, and the second-leading cause of cancer deaths, among American men. Dr. Edward Hill tells us more about prostate cancer, screening and treatment options in todays 60 Second Housecall.

Dr. Hill:

Prostate cancer is an abnormal, uncontrolled growth of cells originating in the prostate gland.

The most often used screening tests include:

Digital rectal examination

Blood test to detect a substance called PSA, prostate-specific antigenThis test is not perfect. Many men with mildly elevated PSA levels can have noncancerous prostate enlargement, which is a normal part of aging, whereas men with prostate cancer may have normal levels of PSA.

Decisions regarding the best treatment for you depend on a number of factors. These include your age, life expectancy, overall health status, and the growth and spread of the tumor, along with your doctors recommendations. Treatment options may include:

Watchful waitingConservative care involves watching for new signs or symptoms with regular checkups and testing.

Surgery The most effective way to cure prostate cancer is to undergo a radical prostatectomy, or removal of the prostate gland. This treatment can result in subsequent problems regarding impotency or incontinence.

Radiation therapyTreatment with high-energy X-rays to kill or shrink cancer cells.

For North Mississippi Medical Center, Im Dr. Edward Hill.