Ruptured Eardrum

Friday, February 10, 2017

Loud noise or injury to your ear can result in a ruptured ear drum. This is not only painful, but it can impair your hearing. Dr. Edward Hill explains this condition and some of the common causes in todays 60 Second Housecall.

Dr. Hill:

A ruptured eardrum is a hole in the tissue that separates the ear canal from the middle ear.

The tympanic membrane is the thin tissue that separates your ear canal from your middle ear. This membrane vibrates when sound waves strike it, converting sound waves into nerve impulses that travel to your brain. Damage to the eardrum interrupts the sound transmission process and may impair your hearing.

The eardrum also acts as a barrier to keep outside material, such as bacteria, from entering your middle ear and causing an infection.

A variety of factors can cause a ruptured eardrum.

Middle ear infection.

Excessive pressure on your ear, such as during airplane flight.

Injury to your ear.

Foreign objects in your ear, including cotton swabs, and

Loud, sudden noise, such as from a firearm.

Most ruptured eardrums heal without treatment within a few weeks, although some may take months. If the tear or hole in your eardrum doesnt heal by itself, you may need surgery to close the perforation.

For North Mississippi Medical Center, Im Dr. Edward Hill.