Wednesday, February 4, 2009
Scoliosis is a musculoskeletal disorder in which there is a sideways curvature of the spine or backbone. Three to five of every 1,000 children develop spinal curves that are considered large enough to need treatment. Dr. Edward Hill tells us more about scoliosis in todayís 60 Second Housecall.
Scoliosis is a condition in which the spine curves abnormally from side to side rather than being straight. Many people have some curve in their spine. Small spinal curves of less than 10 degrees are considered a normal variation. Scoliosis involves spinal curves of greater than 10 degrees. The spinal curves are usually S-shaped or C-shaped.
In about 80 percent of cases, the cause of scoliosis is unknown. This is called idiopathic scoliosis. It develops mostly in children and teens and is related to several factors, including genetics, as it often runs in families.
There are two types of scoliosis: non-structural and structural. Non-structural scoliosis involves a curve in the spine, without rotation, and is reversible. Structural scoliosis involves a curve in the spine, with rotation, and is not reversible.
Causes of structural scoliosis include birth disorders, nerve and muscle disorders, injuries, infections and tumors.
In adults, scoliosis may result from changes in the spine as a result of aging. These degenerative changes may be caused by osteoarthritis or osteoporosis.
For North Mississippi Medical Center, Iím Dr. Edward Hill.