Spinal Cord Injuries 3

Wednesday, September 08, 2010

If someone suffers an injury to the back or neck, they could have permanent spinal cord damage. Dr. Edward Hill continues his series on spinal cord injury in todays 60 Second Housecall.

Dr. Hill:

The spinal vertebrae protect the spinal cord from injury. If these bones are broken or damaged, the spinal cord may become injured.

The spinal cord consists of four regions, with each region controlling a particular part of the body.

- Cervical - located in the neck, this region controls the neck, shoulders, arms and hands

- Thoracic - located in the upper back, controls the torso and parts of the arms.

- Lumbar - located in the middle of the back just below the ribs, controls the hips and legs, and

- Sacral in the lower back, controls movement in the groin, toes and some parts of the legs

To minimize loss of function, it is essential that a person with a back or neck injury be transported to an Emergency Room immediately. The physician will do a physical exam to determine any motor or sensory loss. The doctor may also do X-rays, CT or MRI scans to determine the amount of injury.

For North Mississippi Medical Center, Im Dr. Edward Hill.