Stomas

Friday, July 29, 2016

Stoma creation is a surgical procedure to allow a new way for intestinal waste to leave the body. Dr. Edward Hill tells us more about stomas in todays 60 Second Housecall.

Dr. Hill:

A stoma, or ostomy, may be needed to treat many illnesses like cancers, ulcerative colitis, Crohn disease, diverticulitis, trauma, and several urologic and neurologic conditions.

In a stoma procedure, a segment of the intestine is brought outside the body. Depending on the type of illness, different intestine segments may be used to make a stoma.

Stomas may be temporary or permanent and are named by the piece of intestine brought outside the body. A colostomy is a stoma created from the colon. An ileostomy is created from a segment of small intestine called the ileum.

Intestinal waste is collected by a special plastic bag hidden under clothing. Stoma appliances come in various types and sizes but usually consist of an adhesive wafer that seals tightly to the skin and a leakproof collecting pouch.

The goal of stoma appliances is to collect stoma drainage, eliminate soiling and odor, and protect the surrounding skin.

Routine follow-up with specially trained stoma care clinicians can help avoid problems and improve quality of life.

For North Mississippi Medical Center, Im Dr. Edward Hill.