Stroke Prevention

Monday, May 25, 2015

Stroke ranks as the fourth-leading killer in the United States. Stroke prevention starts with controlling risk factors but in many cases medical intervention is necessary. Dr. Edward Hill discusses stroke prevention in todays 60 Second Housecall.

Dr. Hill:

Stroke prevention starts with managing key risk factors, including high blood pressure, cigarette smoking, atrial fibrillation and physical inactivity. More than half of all strokes are caused by uncontrolled high blood pressure, making it the most important risk factor to control.

Medical treatments may be used to control high blood pressure or manage atrial fibrillation among high-risk patients.

Antiplatelet agents such as aspirin and anticoagulants, such as warfarin, interfere with the bloods ability to clot and can play an important role in preventing stroke.

Antihypertensives are medications that treat high blood pressure. They can lower blood pressure by opening the blood vessels, decreasing blood volume or decreasing the rate and force of heart contraction.

When arteries show plaque buildup or blockage, medical procedures may be needed.

Carotid artery surgery is a procedure in which blood vessel blockage is surgically removed from the carotid artery.

Doctors sometimes use balloon angioplasty and implantable steel screens called stents to treat cardiovascular disease and help open up the blocked blood vessel.

For North Mississippi Medical Center, Im Dr. Edward Hill.