Subconjunctival Hemorrhage

Friday, October 09, 2015

Bleeding into the white of the eye is very common, but it can be quite alarming. Dr. Edward Hill explains subconjunctival hemorrhage in todays 60 Second Housecall.

Dr. Hill:

A subconjunctival hemorrhage occurs when a tiny blood vessel breaks just underneath the clear surface of your eye, or conjunctiva. The conjunctiva cant absorb the blood very quickly, so the blood is trapped under this transparent surface.

You may not realize you have a subconjunctival hemorrhage until you look in the mirror and find the white part of your eye is bright red.

The conjunctiva is the thin, clear membrane that covers the white part of the eye. It protects and lubricates the eyeball. It contains nerves and many small blood vessels that are fragile and may rupture easily.

The following can cause a subconjunctival hemorrhage:

Sneezing

Coughing

Vomiting

Eye rubbing

Injury

High blood pressure

Bleeding disorder, or

An eye infection

This hemorrhage usually causes no problems. As the hemorrhage resolves, some people experience a mild irritation of the eye.

Usually no treatment is needed. Call your eye specialist if the hemorrhage does not get better within two weeks or if it happens repeatedly.

For North Mississippi Medical Center, Im Dr. Edward Hill.